4-Year-Old Oral Language Assessment
Literacy Network of Kansas – LiNK Definition of Four-Year-Old Language
The overall goal of Literacy Network of Kansas (LiNK) is to provide individuals, from ages birth to grade twelve, with home, community and school support that promotes their current and future achievement as readers. Thus, research on the elements of language that predict reading achievement will provide the basis of LiNK’s definition of four-year-old language. These elements include phonological awareness, vocabulary, andlistening comprehension. All three elements are critical to success in beginning and future success in reading, with vocabularybeing a particularly key element to achievement in both word decoding and reading comprehension.
LiNK project schools will complete the following for Birth to Five evaluation of four-year-old language:
Administer the ASQ-3 between August 1 and September 20, 2019 for all students enrolled in your KSDE administered 4-year old preschool programs at the appropriate age interval. (e.g. 48-month, 54-month). Visit www.agesandstages.com/ks/ for more FAQs, quick reference guides, and “how-to” videos. A new fact sheet, which includes tips for sharing ASQ results with parents, is available online. Additional resources regarding the ASQ are available at www.agesandstages.com.
It is not required, but suggested that LiNK project schools also administer the ASQ-3 for students enrolled in Early Childhood Special Education, Parents as Teachers, and whenever possible, students enrolled in community preschools. Including your additional partners will help to assess the literacy needs of students, and these results can be included in your local evaluation results. It is also suggested that LiNK project schools consider a preschool screening specific to language development.
Looking for a 4-year-old oral language assessment?
It is important for us to build curriculum and instruction that will meet the needs of students from the moment they enter our schools. Our LiNK Literacy Team has weighed in on several tools that can help districts assess the literacy needs of four-year-old students, particularly in the area of oral language. These assessments and links to more information about them are listed below.
The Expressive One-Word Picture Vocabulary Test
The Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test
The Preschool Language Scales
The Preschool Early Literacy Indicators (PELI)
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Catts, H. W., Herrera, S., Nielsen, D. C., & Bridges, M. S. (2015). Early prediction of reading comprehension within the simple view framework. Reading and Writing, 28(9), 1407-1425.
Catts, H. W., Nielsen, D. C., Bridges, M. S., & Liu, Y. S. (2016). Early identification of reading comprehension difficulties. Journal of learning disabilities, 49(5), 451-465.
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Kendeou, P., van den Broek, P., White, M., & Lynch, J. S. (2009). Predicting reading comprehension in early elementary school: The independent contributions of oral language and decoding skills. Journal of Educational Psychology, 101, 765–778.
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Murphy, K. A., & Farquharson, K. (2016). Investigating profiles of lexical quality in preschool and their contribution to first grade reading. Reading and Writing, 29(9), 1745-1770.
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Stanley, C. T., Petscher, Y., & Catts, H. (2018). A longitudinal investigation of direct and indirect links between reading skills in kindergarten and reading comprehension in tenth grade.Reading and Writing,31(1), 133-153.